Friday, 30 November 2007

Sântandrei, Anul Nou Dacic

Sărbătorile şi obiceiurile româneşti de la sfârşitul lunii noiembrie şi începutul lunii decembrie corespund, ca dată calendaristică, cu Dionisiacele Câmpeneşti ale tracilor şi Saturnaliile romanilor. În această perioadă părinţii bisericii creştine au fixat data de celebrare a Apostulului Andrei care a propovăduit credinţa în Iisus la Dunăre şi Marea Neagră în primele decenii ale mileniului întâi al erei creştine. Noua sărbătoare creştină s-a impus în conştiinţa credincioşilor împreună cu unele din atribuţiile zeului uzurpat, realitate confirmată de obiceiurile, actele rituale şi practicile magice din noaptea de 29/30 noiembrie.

*informatii preluate de pe

In traditia populara, aceasta noapte este cea in care duhurile malefice - in special strigoii, moroii si pricolicii - primesc puteri mai mari decit in restul anului si vin printre oameni sa le faca rau. Este un fel de rasturnare a sarbatorii crestine a Rusaliilor, cand prin pogorarea Sfantului Duh intreaga natura este binecuvantata, iar plantele de leac isi maresc puterea.

Este o noapte potrivita pentru vraji si farmece, fetele superstitioase crezind ca acum au sansa sa isi cunoasca viitorul sot. Tot acum este si momentul sa se ia masuri de precautie pentru a preintimpina raul provocat de duhurile necurate care vin spre a-i speria pe cei vii. Demonii si spiritele ce nu si-au gasit odihna (strigoii) vin cu puteri sporite si fac necazuri oamenilor, afecteaza fertilitatea pamintului si a animalelor. In noaptea de “santandrei”, oamenii evita sa iasa pe ulitele satelor, iar baietii si fetele se strang si “pazesc usturoiul”.

*informatii preluate de pe altermedia

Mai multe despre imaginarul popular romanesc (strigoiul, moroiul, pricoliciul, ziua lupului) gasiti aici, precum si in cursul Noţiuni de imagologie istorică şi comunicare interetnică de la SNSPA (autori Ion Chiciudean si Bogdan-Alexandru Halic), pe care vi-l recomand cu multa caldura.

*imagine preluata de pe


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